A good interview is built on three pillars: preparation, preparation, and, once again, preparation. That’s what legendary American TV presenter Larry King says in his book, How to Talk to Anyone, Anytime, Anywhere. You can read these and other secrets at the link How to Talk to Anyone, Anytime, Anywhere The Secrets of Good Communication PDF ( Free | 220 Pages ). Undoubtedly, the same can be said about public speaking.
Of course, there are people with a unique talent for improvisation. On stage in front of a hundred eyes, they take to it like a duck to water. But there are only a few such people – most need years of serious work on themselves. This applies to both the psychophysical state and the creation of a quality text of the speech.
We will talk about the preparation of the content of the speech.
Even a talented speaker needs a written speech
Only one thing will help you to stay on top – careful preparation for public speaking. A pre-prepared speech will give the speaker confidence and support to speak well. You can master the art of words perfectly, but at the same time get lost in public.
When you are expected to give a confident and exciting speech, it is quite easy to lose your skills, start to stutter, and smile meaninglessly. That is why formal writing is an integral part of quality speeches. No matter what life situation you need to prepare for – a speech will be required in any case, so don’t ignore its writing.
How is a written speech different from a daily conversation?
It is worth noting that formal writing may be slightly different from what you will be saying in public. That’s why you do not need to memorize it. Language in daily conversation is more “alive,” natural.
To get your audience interested, you need to work hard on many aspects of the speech. Your language should be natural and unobtrusive. But, at the same time, it cannot be “empty” and meaningless.
But which part of speech is not appropriate in formal writing but often used in daily conversation?
To make the speech bright and memorable, you should use many epithets, comparisons, and other artistic means. There will be many adjectives, conjunctions, prepositions among the parts of speech you will use.
However, there is a part of speech that is indispensable in daily conversation or public speech – it’s an interjection. It demonstrates the emotion or feeling of the author.
Such examples are: “Wow, Ouch, Oh No, Oops, Yeah, Well, Bravo.”
They have no grammatical relation to the rest of the sentence.
Speech writing: starting point
At the beginning of writing a speech, start with the hardcore – the main thesis. The thesis statement is what you prove; what do you want to convince the audience.
The more precisely the thesis is formulated, the easier it will be for you to pick up arguments. Your speech will be more evident to the audience, and it will not cause any questions. It is not obligatory to recite the thesis, but it should be obvious to the listeners.
Take a pen and paper
Start selecting and writing arguments. At first, you can do it haphazardly, anything that comes to mind. When you have gathered enough information, move on to structuring. For the audience to easily follow your opinion, your speech must be logical and consistent.
You can write the text of the speech from A to Z. But it will be much better for you to draw a map of your speech. Briefly formulate arguments and transitions from one to another. And try to speak out the central part, based on the clues on the map.
This way, you will be able to compose live text. If you are worried that you may forget some numbers or quotes, you can write them down.
When the main part is ready, you will probably already know how you want to finish your speech. If not – briefly summarize all that has been said. You can go back to the story at the beginning of the speech (“Remember, I said at the beginning …”). Most importantly – your end slice should be well developed so that the whole speech does not turn out rushed.
The introductory part can also be built in different ways. If you do not have clear regulations, think for yourself what would be most appropriate. A personal story, a discourse into history, a joke – it can be anything. Try to avoid banality.
So, in your hands, you have a sheet with a map of the body, a finished presentation, and you remember the introduction and the final part. Try to make a speech several times: let the text be different; this will add to your freedom.
Ready to perform
The text of the speech is written; the arguments are selected; the main idea is proven. Now it’s time to rehearse. Speak your address to your friends – this way, you will hear yourself, and friends will evaluate you and suggest whether something needs to be added or corrected.
This stage is the “last” polishing of the text. After you finish working with the text, you will need to remember it well, but do not forget to print your speech just in case: no one will forbid you to peek.
Do not forget that your oratory should be on top. From verbal and non-verbal communication skills, the success of the speaker’s speech with his speech depends. But the ability to behave in front of an audience is an entirely different story.
All stages of public speaking are essential. There is no more important or less significant part in the speaker’s speech. Therefore, careful preparation for the performance should be accompanied by a bright incendiary speech along its entire length.