Speeches to people contain so many many-sided aspects that they can be considered as a work of art. Speeches can make a strong impression only under one condition. This is the simultaneous action on the logical perception and the sensory sphere of personality.
One of the essential conditions for effective public speaking is the ability to use images and pictures. Without this, the speech will be slurred. You will cause fatigue. So you will not be able to influence the emotions, and therefore the minds of people.
How to ginger up the speech?
It would help if you attracted the audience’s attention with comparisons, examples, and epithets. Paints and images will immediately add brightness to the speech and make it “alive.” That’s why you can’t do without adjectives here.
Which kind of adjective is used most frequently in ordinary speech or writing?
You know that there are different types of adjectives. Let’s look at some of them.
- Proper adjectives are formed from proper nouns. They are always capitalized. `Examples: Italian food, Canon camera, van Gogh painting.
- Demonstrative adjectives help to indicate a specific object or person. Thanks to them, you clearly state what you want to talk about. Examples: this, these, that, those.
- Common adjectives describe an object or a person. This kind of adjective gives us more information. They make the text more accurate and exciting. Examples: warm, cold, bright, gorgeous, blue, big, attractive, etc.
- There are only three articles: the, a, and an. They describe the nouns that they precede. It is believed that the article adjective is used most frequently in ordinary speech or writing.
How to understand that the listeners are interested in you?
The leading indicators of mutual understanding between communicators:
- a positive reaction to the words of the speaker
- external signs of listeners’ attention: their posture, focused gaze, smiles, applause, approving shouts
- “working” silence in the hall
How to win the audience’s minds?
The most important thing you need to do is establish and maintain eye contact with your audience. Usually, the speaker slowly looks around. If you have a large number of people – 30, 50, or 150 – use the “theatrical” advice.
Try not to look everyone in the face, but set a conditional point in the middle of the room. Keep an eye not on those who are in this area, but a little above their heads. This way, the audience will feel that you are always keeping everyone in sight.
Rules for structuring information
Remember – no matter how interesting your speech’s topic, the attention of your audience will decrease in about 20 minutes. This information can be provided by Wikipedia. You can support it using the following techniques:
- “Question-answer.” The speaker asks and answers himself. He may express doubts, objections and come to certain conclusions.
- The novelty of information. Different hypotheses push listeners to think, assume.
- Creating a problem situation. Listeners are offered a situation that raises the question “why”? This stimulates their activity.
- Demonstration of the practical component.
- Use of humor. This will relax the audience and help establish a trusting relationship.
- References to personal experience. It always interests the listeners.
- The transition from monologue to dialogue. Involve individual listeners in the conversation. This will activate them and interest others.
- An effective contact method is the use of special words and expressions. For example, personal pronouns 1 and 2 persons – I, we, you. Or verbs 1 and 2 persons (“let’s try to understand”, “let’s understand”, “note”, “think”). It could be treatment (“dear colleagues,” “dear friends”), or rhetorical questions (“Do you want to hear my opinion?”).
- Emphasis. Drawing the listeners’ attention to separate fragments of speech: “Please pay attention,” “Look.”
Of course, these tips are not limited to the building of your speech. It is also important to structure the information correctly. Be gradual and logical, convincing, and persuasive. And your speech will be successful.
How to speak briefly and effectively
The ability to speak briefly and to the point is always appreciated. In a short speech, too, there are all the attributes: audience, goal, structure, need to interest, etc. To speak briefly means:
- Speak fewer words.
- Speak in short sentences.
- As accurately as possible, select the words in each phrase.
To quickly convey your opinion, rely on the following points:
- Phrase the topic of your speech.
- ❗ Do not try to say everything. Choose one main idea that you want to highlight. This thought should be more important than all others. If you do not pronounce it, the speech becomes meaningless.❗
- Make a logical outline (structure) of your speech. If you go astray during the transition from thought to thought, you will immediately lose time. And the number of words will increase. And in short speeches, the score goes by seconds.
Having a logical speech scheme is the primary condition for any speech, and especially short.